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Ficus malayana is one of c. 8 “Earth Figs” found in Borneo, six of which are endemic to Borneo. Whilst the leaves of earth figs often look very similar, large, hairy and asymmetric (uneven) as shown above,  the figs are very varied and can often be used to distinguish the species.
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Ficus malayana is the only earth fig which is covered in dense hairs probably an evolutionary adapation to prevent partridges and pheasants from swallowing the fruit whole and digesting (predating) the seeds.
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Ficus malayana leaves. Earth figs are most common in the wetter areas of Borneo, particularly in the hills and mountains where there is rainfall every month of the year.
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Ficus malayana growing along a rural road in Temburong, Brunei. Earth figs often grow along new roads in areas of high rainfall.
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The rural back road in Temburong, Brunei where  we found that Ficus malayana was  the most common roadside fig.