ELEGANT FIG Ficus concinna Miq. (1867) Rare vagrant
Latin: From concinnus, neat, shapely, elegant.
Plant: A common strangler in the Philippines from where it has become a vagrant to a few small islands off the coast of East Borneo with only 3 records.
Leaf: Medium size leaf, 4-13 long x 1-5cm wide with a petiole (leaf stalk) usually 1-2.5cm long but occasionally up to 3.5cm long
Fig: Small fig 0.5-1.5cm with a short peduncle (stalk) up to 0.5cm long. As illustrated there are 3 prominent basal bracts at the base of the fig. According to Berg (2011) these bracts are usually cauducous i.e they drop off early on and are usually missing in herbarium collections. However in some herbarium collections the bracts are persistent. The figs ripen white to pink to purple to black and are usually spotted.
Similar species: Ficus virens which in Borneo is also a coastal fig likely to be found in similar locations and with similar looking figs.
Distinguish: (1) In Ficus virens the basal bracts are usually persistent and remain on the fig in herbarium collections instead of falling off as with F. concinna. (2) On average the petiole (leaf stalk) of F. virens is longer than than that of F. concinna normally 2-4 cm long but up to 6 cm long.
(3) The peduncle (fig stalk) on F.virens is usually absent (sessile) or very short up to 0.1cm long whereas with F.concinna the peduncle is usually obvious and up to 0.5cm long.
Distribution: Only one record from Sabah, Bodh Gaya in the Semporna Islands.
Also recorded from 2 of the Derawan Islands off the coast of East Kalimantan, Pulau Kakaban and Pulau Nunukan.
Range: NE India to S. China south to the Malay Peninsula, Philippines (Type collection) and Sulawesi. No records from Singapore.