An early morning view of Mount Kinabalu from the city of Kota Kinabalu on the west coast of Sabah.Kota Kinabalu means Fort of Kinabalu in Malay.
Mount Kinabalu (4,095m) is the highest mountain in SE Asia between Myanmar and New Guinea. Scientists believe that the tropical forests of northern Borneo have had the world’s most stable climate over the last 40 million years with the least seasonal variation in rainfall.
During the occasional droughts, the many mountainous areas of northern Borneo close to the coast have acted as (very wet) rain traps and plant refuges. The result has been that the evolution of new plant species on Kinabalu has exceeded the extinction rate over many millions of years.
According to botanist Anthony Van Der Ent, the forest in the Kinabalu Park has the highest plant diversity per unit area of any similar sized site in the world.