Ficus bruneiensis illustration from the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society London. No. 831 (1970)

Ficus bruneiensis at Sg Lansat IMG_3942.JPG

Ficus bruneiensis leaf  and stipule at Sg Lansat in N. Sarawak.BRUNEI FIG  Ficus bruneiensis  Corner (1960)  SECTION:ERIOSYCEA

Latin: from Brunei. Local names:  Iban: kempan, kumpan, tempan.

Habit: Small tree to 30 m with spirally arranged very  large leaves and large reddish orange stipules.

Leaf: Large hairy leaves with a cordate base and hairy margin with only 4 to 6 pairs of veins.

Fig: Medium sized sessile hairy figs with an occasional bract on the side of the fig fruit. 

Similar Species:  Ficus auricoma which has similar shaped leaves but which are only half the size. The leaves of F. auricoma are much more hairy than those of F. bruneiensis.


  F. bruneiensis F. auricoma
Distribution Lowland Sarawak Mid-levels at 1,000 m
Abundance Common small rivers  lowland  Brunei, Sarawak Rare: submontane ridgetops  Sarawak and Kalimantan
Fig appearance Covered in long stiff hairs Covered in soft short hairs
Leaf blade 28-45 x 16-28 cm 14-20 x 9-14 cm
Petiole 5.5-11 cm 2-4.5 cm
Leaf upper Many short hairs Very hairy

Distribution: A scarce Bornean endemic, locally common in the forested lowlands and hills of Sarawak mainly along small streams.

Sabah: No records. (Kochummen 2000).

Brunei: The TYPE was collected at Ulu Belalong by Ashton in 1959 and named by Corner (1960). Also found on mountain ridge tops at 1,500 m on Gunung Pagon. (Coode et al. 1996). “Occurs rarely as a riverside tree in interior Brunei and neighboring NW. Sarawak. Corner (1970). Locally common in the Kapit district of Sarawak .

Sarawak: Sungei Lansat on the edge of Mulu National Park,  Gunung Dulit, Belaga,  Kapit, Lubok Antu.


L.0039984 Ulu Belalong ISOTYPE - Copy.jpg