Illustration by E.J.H. Corner from the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society London. No. 831 (1970)

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BRUNEI FIG  Ficus bruneiensis  Corner (1960)  SECTION:ERIOSYCEA

Latin: from Brunei. Local names:  Iban: kempan, kumpan, tempan.

Habit: Small tree to 20m with spirally arranged large leaves and hairy stipules.

Leaf: Large hairy leaves with a cordate base and hairy margin with only 4 to 6 pairs of veins without any bracts on the side of the fig fruit. The stipule is hairy as in Corner’s illustration above.

Fig: Medium sized sessile hairy figs with no bracts on the side of the fig.

Similar Species: Ficus aureocordata, Ficus diamantiphylla and Ficus auricoma

Distinguish:. Distinguished from Ficus aureocordata by the lack of lateral bracts on the fig and from Ficus auricoma by the rough upper surface of the leaf (smooth in auricoma) and the longer leaf stalks, stipules and basal bracts.  Ficus diamantiphylla is most likely a synonym as it was described by Corner on the basis of very minor differences in the tepals of the tiny female flowers.

Distribution: A scarce Bornean endemic, widespread throughout the forested lowlands of Borneo near streams (Berg 2005).

Sabah: No records. (Kochummen 2000).

Brunei: The TYPE was collected at Ulu Belalong. Also found on mountain ridge tops at 1,500m on Gunung Pagon. (Coode et al. 1996). “Occurs rarely as a riverside tree in interior Brunei and neighbouring NW. Sarawak. Corner (1970)

Sarawak: Sungei Lansat on the edge of Mulu National Park,  Gunung Dulit,Belaga, Kapit, Lubok Antu. and Gunung Gading near Kuching. Note that similar fig trees, Ficus aureocordata, and Ficus diamantiphylla have also been collected at Sungei Lansat. It is possible that all these  3 species may in the future  prove to be variations of a single species.

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