Ficus beccarii photographed at Lambir Hills Park in N. Sarawak on 6 July 2004 by Jean-Yves Rasplus.
F. beccarii is one of the most common earth (geocarpic) figs throughout lowland Borneo to around 1,000m in the hills. This fig is distinguished from other earth figs by the long narrow (almost) symmetric leaves with very long drip tips.
Ficus beccarii is also found in Peninsular Malaysia and S. Thailand. The seeds of F. beccarii are is most likely dispersed by pigs, mouse deer and rats. The rough hairs and bracts on the fig fruit are thought to have evolved to stop pheasants and partridges swallowing the whole fig and thereby predating the seeds.
Lambir Hills is only 30 minutes drive from the oil boom town of Miri in N. Sarawak. In recent years all the forest previously surrounding Lambir Hills has been converted to cultivation and virtually all the large fig eating mammals such as civets, langurs, gibbons, pigs and deer have been poached. Large fig eating birds such as pheasants, partridges, hornbills and imperial pigeons have also been hunted out. The result has been dramatic changes in vegetation with understory shrubs and dipterocarp saplings normally browsed by deer flourishing and animal dispersed figs and fruit trees in serious decline.
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