Two types of very large, red
Ficus punctata figs can be seen growing next to the Belalong Canopy Walkway at Temburong in Brunei. The first type grow high up at canopy level. The figs are shiny red, spotted yellow. They grow individually, have no peduncles or stipes (fruit stalks), do not seem to ripen and are often covered in large black ants (as in the photo above). These are male Ficus punctata figs. Male figs are not eaten by any animals. There are many different trees covered with male Ficus punctata lianas growing next to the Belalong Canopy Walkway.
From the Belalong Canopy Walkway at Ulu Temburong, Brunei, you get a magnificent view of the surrounding pristine forests and close ups of many uncommon canopy birds. The Walkway however is also one of the best places in Borneo to get closeup views of Ficus punctata the worlds largest fig fruit.
The canopy branches at the Belalong Canopy Walkway are covered with “sky gardens” of many different species of epiphytic plants including orchids, ferns, mistletoes, melastomas and a very prolific liana fig believed to be male Ficus punctata figs. The small leaves of Ficus punctata cover many branches. Occasionally a young male Ficus punctata fruit can be seen peeping out amongst the leaves.
The latin name of Ficus punctata means “Spotted Fig” and this photo shows how the name originated. Notice that the thin liana is carrying just one male fig.
A female Ficus punctata liana on a tree below the Belalong Canopy Walkway. Female Ficus punctata lianas produce large numbers of figs. The figs grow lower down than male figs and are larger. Unlike male figs they are not covered in spots and have a prominent stipe and peduncle (fig fruit stalk). Each fig fruit is the size of an orange.
Unlike the male Ficus punctata figs, these figs ripen a deep purple black as with the individual fig fruit seen in the center of this photo. This photo was taken in the early morning, an hour later the ripe fruit in the photo had been eaten by a gibbon. The ripe fig on the left hand side of the tree was also eaten by the same gibbon. In contrast to the male figs which are not eaten by any animals, the female Ficus punctata fig fruit are eaten by , Binturongs, Gibbons Long-tailed , Striped Palm Civets and Macaques at the Belalong Canopy Walkway. Prevost’s Squirrel